SEISMIC DATA REFUTES OFFICIAL EXPLANATION
unexplained “spikes” in the seismic record from Sept. 11 indicate
huge bursts of energy shook the ground beneath the World Trade
Center’s twin towers immediately prior to the collapse.
Exclusive to American Free
By Christopher Bollyn
American Free Press has learned
of pools of “molten steel” found at the base of the collapsed twin
towers weeks after the collapse. Although the energy source for
these incredibly hot areas has yet to be explained, New York
seismometers recorded huge bursts of energy, which caused
unexplained seismic “spikes” at the beginning of each
These spikes suggest that massive
underground explosions may have literally knocked the towers off
their foundations, causing them to collapse.
In the basements of the collapsed
towers, where the 47 central support columns connected with the
bedrock, hot spots of “literally molten steel” were discovered more
than a month after the collapse. Such persistent and intense
residual heat, 70 feet below the surface, in an oxygen starved
environment, could explain how these crucial structural supports
Peter Tully, president of Tully
Construction of Flushing, N.Y., told AFP that he saw pools of
“literally molten steel” at the World Trade Center.
Tully was contracted after the Sept.
11 tragedy to remove the debris from the
Tully called Mark Loizeaux, president
of Controlled Demolition, Inc. (CDI) of Phoenix, Md., for
consultation about removing the debris. CDI calls itself “the
innovator and global leader in the controlled demolition and
implosion of structures.”
Loizeaux, who cleaned up the bombed
Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City, arrived at the
WTC site two days later and wrote the clean-up plan for the entire
AFP asked Loizeaux about the report of
molten steel on the site.
“Yes,” he said, “hot spots of molten
steel in the basements.”
These incredibly hot areas were found
“at the bottoms of the elevator shafts of the main towers, down
seven [basement] levels,” Loizeaux said.
The molten steel was found “three,
four, and five weeks later, when the rubble was being removed,”
Loizeaux said. He said molten steel was also found at 7 WTC, which
collapsed mysteriously in the late afternoon.
Construction steel has an extremely
high melting point of about 2,800 degrees
Asked what could have caused such
extreme heat, Tully said, “Think of the jet
Loizeaux told AFP that the
steel-melting fires were fueled by “paper, carpet and other
combustibles packed down the elevator shafts by the tower floors as
they ‘pancaked’ into the basement.”
However, some independent
investigators dispute this claim, saying kerosene-based jet fuel,
paper, or the other combustibles normally found in the towers,
cannot generate the heat required to melt steel, especially in an
oxygen-poor environment like a deep basement.
Eric Hufschmid, author of a book about
the WTC collapse, Painful Questions,* told AFP that due to
the lack of oxygen, paper and other combustibles packed down at the
bottom of elevator shafts would probably be “a smoky smoldering
Experts disagree that jet-fuel or
paper could generate such heat.
This is impossible, they say, because
the maximum temperature that can be reached by hydrocarbons like
jet-fuel burning in air is 1,520 degrees F. Because the WTC fires
were fuel rich, as evidenced by the thick black smoke, it is argued
that they did not reach this upper limit.
The hottest spots at the surface of
the rubble, where abundant oxygen was available, were much cooler
than the molten steel found in the basements.
Five days after the collapse, on Sept.
16, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) used an
Airborne Visible/Infrared Imaging Spectrometer (AVIRIS) to locate
and measure the site’s hot spots.
Dozens of hot spots were mapped, the
hottest being in the east corner of the South Tower where a
temperature of 1,377 degrees F was recorded.
This is, however, less than half as
hot at the molten steel in the basement.
The foundations of the twin towers
were 70 feet deep. At that level, 47 huge box columns, connected to
the bedrock, supported the entire gravity load of the structures.
The steel walls of these lower box columns were four inches
Videos of the North Tower collapse
show its communication mast falling first, indicating that the
central support columns must have failed at the very beginning of
the collapse. Loizeaux told AFP, “Everything went
“At 10:29 the entire top section of
the North Tower had been severed from the base and began falling
down,” Hufschmid writes. “If the first event was the falling of a
floor, how did that progress to the severing of hundreds of
Asked if the vertical support columns
gave way before the connections between the floors and the columns,
Ron Hamburger, a structural engineer with the FEMA assessment team
said, “That’s the $64,000 question.”
Loizeaux said, “If I were to bring the
towers down, I would put explosives in the basement to get the
weight of the building to help collapse the
Seismographs at Columbia University’s
Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory in Palisades, N.Y., 21 miles north
of the WTC, recorded strange seismic activity on Sept. 11 that has
still not been explained.
While the aircraft crashes caused
minimal earth shaking, significant earthquakes with unusual spikes
occurred at the beginning of each collapse.
The Palisades seismic data recorded a
2.1 magnitude earthquake during the 10-second collapse of the South
Tower at 9:59:04 and a 2.3 quake during the 8-second collapse of the
North Tower at 10:28:31.
However, the Palisades seismic record
shows that—as the collapses began—a huge seismic “spike” marked the
moment the greatest energy went into the ground. The strongest jolts
were all registered at the beginning of the collapses, well before
the falling debris struck the Earth.
These unexplained “spikes” in the
seismic data lend credence to the theory that massive explosions at
the base of the towers caused the collapses.
A “sharp spike of short duration” is
how seismologist Thorne Lay of University of California at Santa
Cruz told AFP an underground nuclear explosion appears on a
The two unexplained spikes are more
than 20 times the amplitude of the other seismic waves associated
with the collapses and occurred in the East-West seismic recording
as the buildings began to fall.
Experts cannot explain why the seismic
waves peaked before the towers actually hit the
Asked about these spikes, seismologist
Arthur Lerner-Lam, director of Columbia University’s Center for
Hazards and Risk Research told AFP, “This is an element of current
research and discussion. It is still being
Lerner-Lam told AFP that a 10-fold
increase in wave amplitude indicates a 100-fold increase in energy
released. These “short-period surface waves,” reflect “the
interaction between the ground and the building foundation,”
according to a report from Columbia Earth
“The seismic effects of the collapses
are comparable to the explosions at a gasoline tank farm near Newark
on Jan. 7, 1983,” the Palisades Seismology Group reported on Sept.
One of the seismologists, Won-Young
Kim, told AFP that the Palisades seismographs register daily
underground explosions from a quarry 20 miles
These blasts are caused by 80,000
pounds of ammonium nitrate and cause local earthquakes between
Magnitude 1 and 2. Kim said the 1993 truck-bomb at the WTC did not
register on the seismographs because it was “not coupled” to the
“Only a small fraction of the energy
from the collapsing towers was converted into ground motion,”
Lerner-Lam said. “The ground shaking that resulted from the collapse
of the towers was extremely small.”
Last November, Lerner-Lam said:
“During the collapse, most of the energy of the falling debris was
absorbed by the towers and the neighboring structures, converting
them into rubble and dust or causing other damage—but not causing
significant ground shaking.”
Evidently, the energy source that
shook the ground beneath the towers was many times more powerful
than the total potential energy released by the falling mass of the
towers. The question is: What was that energy
While steel is often tested for
evidence of explosions, despite numerous eyewitness reports of
explosions in the towers, the engineers involved in the
FEMA-sponsored building assessment did no such
Dr. W. Gene Corley, who investigated
for the government the cause of the fire at the Branch Davidian
compound in Waco and the Oklahoma City bombing, headed the
FEMA-sponsored engineering assessment of the WTC
Corley told AFP that while some tests
had been done on the 80 pieces of steel saved from the site, he said
he did not know about tests that show if an explosion had affected
“I am not a metallurgist,” Corley
Much of the structural steel from the
WTC was sold to Alan D. Ratner of Metal Management of Newark, N.J.,
and the New York-based company Hugo Neu Schnitzer East.
Ratner, who heads the New Jersey
branch of the Chi ca go-based company, sold the WTC steel to
overseas companies, reportedly selling more than 50,000 tons of
steel to a Shanghai steel company known as Baosteel for $120 per
ton. Ratner paid about $70 per ton for the
Other shipments of steel from the WTC
went to India and other Asian ports.
Ratner came to Metal Management after
spending years with a metal trading firm known as SimsMetal based
out of Sydney, Australia.
* Painful Questions (Item# 1051, $20,
160 pages, softcover) Is available from First Amendment Books, 645
Pennsylvania Avenue SE, Suite 100, Washington D.C. 20003. Call
1-888-699-6397 to order by Visa or MasterCard.